Skip to main content

How the media influences mental health

This month we are focusing on influence and mental health. What does this mean to you? Let us know in the comments!

As Muslims it’s common to come across news articles, commentaries or film and TV shows which we feel depict Islam and the cultures of Muslim-majority countries in a negative light. The Muslim Council of Britain has found that 59% of news articles about Muslims were focused on negative behaviour / criminal activity. Even Black Panther which is such an incredible movie for diversity and representation of Black people has led to people voicing their concerns over how black Muslim men and women in particular are represented as terrorists or oppressed and in need of saving.

These representations really matter and can affect the way that we see ourselves; we each probably have so many personal examples of how stereotypes or negative portrayals of Muslims and/or our cultural and ethnic minority identities have made us feel upset, unwanted or prevented us from feeling like we belong in a certain environment. Some may even be reluctant to share or draw attention to their identity as a Muslim in fear that this will lead to discrimination or hostile behaviour from others.

Negative media will always exist, some people will always be critical, but not allowing this to define us is important and supporting and celebrating positive representation in the media is essential. We can protect our mental health and wellbeing by being resilient in the face of negative discourse, developing unshakeable confidence, challenging stereotypes and factually unsupported negative assumptions. Talking about our experiences and providing support to each other can be really helpful and for this reason please do share your experiences and support others in the comments.

Confronting our own negative views about ourselves and our communities which have been encouraged by the media is a difficult and uncomfortable thing to do, but in the long term this is the way we can create change. As an example, the media often propagates different ideas about beauty; Twiggy led rise to a trend in conflating beauty with being very thin, then Marilyn Monroe changed this. Size 0 models could have influenced many girls into aspiring to being thin and developing eating disorders because of this. Moreover, traditionally only white abled women have been models and the media’s representation of beauty has only just started to include ethnic minorities with all skin tones and hair types as well as disabled people, which means that people who haven’t been represented enough may have internalised a feeling of not being as beautiful.

Last month we spoke about stories and how the way we tell stories influences our mood and psychological wellbeing, and this topic is very closely related. The media influences the way we think by repeatedly showing us the same ideas over and over again until we may be convinced of them, whether this is evidence to support these ideas or not.

Therefore it’s not wise to let others write stories about us. We have control over our self-narrative and must challenge unflattering and biased depictions, and not allow negative discourse affect our self-esteem. For many Muslims what is most upsetting is the idea of people being afraid or distrustful of us simply because of our beliefs, and some may have first hand experience of incidents they feel are discriminatory, like being searched at an airport. We shouldn’t have to go through the emotional burden of convincing others that we are not a threat and reminding ourselves that even if other people have such prejudice against Muslims, just by being ourselves and holding onto our values and confidence, and acting in a way that makes us feel proud of ourselves in line with the Qur’an and authentic Sunnah, their false judgements may change in time.

Farida El Kafrawy

Farida is an undergraduate student studying social and political science at UCL. Having seen many struggle with their mental health, and having experienced poor mental health herself, she believes that it is important to speak up, destigmatise the topic and, inshallah, help others to understand what is happening, and how they can help themselves and others. As a regular reader of the Inspirited Minds blog, she knows first hand how reassuring it is to read an article addressing what you are experiencing with your faith in mind, and she hopes she can help reassure and support others in turn.


  • Sidra says:


    I liked the comment of not letting other write our stories for us. I like to be intentional with the material I present and am open to have vulnerable conversations along the boundaries that I have set. However, as you’ve written, it can be tiring trying to reiterate your humanity on a continual basis. Insha’Allah I’m praying that with more representation but also with the deconstruction of images and discourse used to represent people, more people will be educated about mental health in a conducive way. I think decolonising global mental health is important, to talk about the racist malpractices of (mental) health research and how the discourse surrounds white, male patients rather than focusing on people from different intersections. Also to have more conversations everywhere (in academic spheres but amongst family members, friends and co-workers too) to disseminate knowledge. I remember reading that Muslim sunnah teachings tell us to disseminate what we know to help others. Sometimes, I think we can find really interesting work but it’s not spoke about in situations when it’s most needed.

    To Farida, thank you for aiming to destigmatise mental health and through applying an Islamic lens to the conversation. May Allah award you for your work iA.

  • Abdalshakur Warsame says:

    I will make more of an effort personally to show Islam as I know it in its best light which has lead me to gain numerous habits (no matter how small) that make people fond of me and see that I am a good and clean hearted man.
    God willing of course

Leave a Reply